conventional biotechnology is a biotechnology practice conducted by
using simple method and instruments, without genetic manipulation. It has
been done since thousands years ago to produce many kinds of products,
such as beer, wine, tuak, sake, yogurt, bread, cheese, soysauce, tempe,
tapai, and oncom.
a. Kecap, b. Tahu, c. tempe are the product of conventional biotechnology
Modern biotechnology is a biotechnology practice developed with
genetic manipulation technique, in which transfer of genetic material
(transfer of gene) from one living organism to the other occurs. Through this
technique, human can control the production according to his desire. For
examples, the production of pest and disease resistant plants, imperishable
fruits, and cattle which are able to produce more milk.
In genetic manipulation process, organisms whose body contains
foreign gene are called transgenic organisms. They can be transgenic plant,
transgenic animal, and transgenic bacteria.
Example: Modern Biotechnology
Source: Essential Biology, 2006