Rabu, 17 Oktober 2012

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Cartilage And Fibrous Connective Tissue

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Cartilage

Cartilage is not as strong as bone but more flexible because it contains elastic collagen. Beside, the matrix of cartilage only contains a little amount of calcium and phosphor.

Cartilage does not have nervous tissue, so that it is very appropriate as a joint layer (connective tissue) that undergoes strong movement pressure. Cartilage functions as a support of body skeleton in certain location throughout the body. Cartilage consists of cartilage cells called chondrocytes which are surrounded by chondrin matrix.

In embryo, cartilage is formed by mesenchyme tissues. When it get mature, cartilage is formed by chondroblasts which are found in the perichondrium. The chondroblast will form chondrocyte.
Cartilage is distinguished into three types based on the fiber composition within matrix, that is, hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage, and fibrous cartilage.

Fibrous Connective Tissue

The fibrous connective tissue contains fibroblast cells and collagen fibers. The tissue composes ligament (the connector between bones) and tendon (the connector of muscle and bones).

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