Jumat, 19 Oktober 2012

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Joint And Muscle Disorders In Movement System

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2012 Joint And Muscle Disorders In Movement System


Joint Disorder
Several joint disorders are as follows. Arthritis is a join inflammantion followed by pain and painful.

Some kinds of arthritis problem are as follow.

  1. Rheumatic is a joint inflammation caused by self multiplication of white blood cells in synovial membrane. The problem is followed by pain and stiffness in joint that restricts movement.
  2. Gout is a join inflammantion (swelling) due to the uric acid heaping in joints, particularly in finger segments.
  3. Osteoarthritis is a joint inflammation which occurs because the cartilage padding inside joint is broken causing friction between bones.
  4. Arthritis sicca is a joint inflammation caused by the lack of synovial fluid due to gonorrhea bacteria syphilis bacteria infection.
  5. Lupus erythematosus is a condition related to joint inflammation causing fever, red sport on skin, and swelling joint.
  6. Bursitis is a painful conditing due to bursa inflanmmation (the pouch synovial oil covering).


Dislocation (sprained) is the change of joint position that is usually followed by swelling.
Anchylosis is a condition when the joints are difficult to move because it has not been used for a long period of time.

Muscle Disorders

Several of muscle disorders are as follows.

  1. Distrophy is a genetic muscle disease that is signed by the absence of covering membrane.
  2. Tetanus (muscle stiff) is the muscle convulsion due to continous contraction that makes the organ disfuction.
  3. Atrophy is a condition when muscle cannot be moved because of the decreasing size of the muscle. This happens because muscle has not been used for a long time, such as in the paralyzed case.


Test your self
1. What are the sympom that come up to a gout patient?
2. What are differences between atrophy and dystrophy?

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